Beautiful $1000 bond certificate #127 from the State of Missouri Bond
issued in 1853. This historic document was printed by Republican Print Company and has an
ornate border around it with a vignette of an allegorical woman. This item has the signatures of the Governor, Sterling Price and the Secretary of State of the State of Missouri and is over 156 years old. Toned with age, Trimmed. No cancellation through signature. Comes with 6 unattached coupons (2 shown in scan).
Sterling Price (September 20, 1809 – September 29, 1867) was a lawyer, politician, and militia general from the U.S. state of Missouri, an American Army general during the Mexican-American War, and a Confederate Army major general during the American Civil War.
Price led an army back into Missouri in 1864 on an ill-fated expedition to recapture the state for the Confederacy. He took his remaining troops to Mexico following the war rather than surrender to the Union Army.
Sterling "Old Pap" Price was born near Farmville, in Prince Edward County, Virginia into a family of Welsh origin whose ancestor John Price  was born in Brecknock, Wales in 1584 and settled in the Virginia Colony. Sterling Price attended Hampden-Sydney College in 1826 and 1827, where he studied law and worked at the courthouse near his home. He was admitted to the bar and established a law practice. In the fall of 1831, he and his family moved to Fayette, Missouri. A year later, he moved to Keytesville, Missouri, where he ran a hotel and a merchandise store and had a plantation, Val Verde. On May 14, 1833, he married Martha Head of Randolph County, Missouri. They would have seven children, five of whom survived to adulthood.
During the Mormon War of 1838, Price was a member of a delegation from Chariton County, Missouri sent to investigate reported disturbances between Latter-day Saints and anti-Mormon mobs operating in the western part of that state. His report was favorable to the Mormons, stating that they were not guilty, in his opinion, of the charges levied against them by their enemies. Following the Mormon surrender in November 1838, Price was ordered by Missouri governor Lilburn Boggs to Caldwell County with a company of men to protect the Mormons from further depredations following their defeat.
Price was elected to Missouri State House of Representatives in 1836–38, and again in 1840–44, and he was chosen as its speaker. He was then elected as a Democrat to the 29th United States Congress and served from March 4, 1845, to August 12, 1846, when he resigned to participate in the Mexican-American War
Mexican-American War -Price raised the Second Regiment, Missouri Mounted Volunteer Cavalry and was appointed its colonel on August 12, 1846. He marched his regiment to Santa Fe, where he assumed command of the Territory of New Mexico after Gen. Stephen W. Kearny departed for California. Price served as military governor of New Mexico, where he put down the Taos Revolt, an uprising of Native Americans and Mexicans in January 1847. President James K. Polk promoted Price to brigadier general of volunteers on July 20, 1847.
Price was military governor of Chihuahua in July 1847 and commanded the Army of the West at the Battle of Santa Cruz de Rosales on March 16, 1848. The battle was fought because Price received false reports of a Mexican advance into New Mexico. It is notable today because it was the last battle of the war, taking place after the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo had been ratified by the United States Congress on March 10.
Following the war, Price was discharged on November 25, 1848, and returned to Missouri. He bought a farm and engaged in agriculture on the Bowling Green prairie. He became a slave owner and a tobacco planter. Always popular, he was easily elected Governor of Missouri and served from 1853 to 1857. As governor, he was instrumental in expanding the railroad network in the state. After the expiration of his term, he became the state Bank Commissioner from 1857 to 1861. Price was elected presiding officer of the Missouri State Convention on February 28, 1861, which voted against secession.
Price initially opposed Missouri's secession, but when Francis Preston Blair, Jr. and Brig. Gen. Nathaniel Lyon seized the state militia's Camp Jackson at St. Louis, Price was outraged. He was assigned by Gov. Claiborne Fox Jackson to command the newly reformed Missouri State Guard in May 1861. He led his young recruits (who affectionately nicknamed him "Old Pap") in a campaign to secure Missouri for the Confederacy. One of the major engagements in this campaign was fought at Lexington, where Price defeated Colonel James A. Mulligan's Union force in the "battle of the hemp bales" and secured the city for the South--albeit only temporarily, as it turned out.
Price was commissioned in the Confederate States Army as a major general on March 6, 1862, merging his Missouri State Guard into the Army of the West. Among his most notable battles during the Civil War were: Battle of Wilson's Creek, Missouri, the First Battle of Lexington, Missouri (mentioned above), Battle of Pea Ridge, Arkansas, Battle of Corinth II, Mississippi, Battle of Helena, Arkansas, Battle of Westport, Missouri, Battle of Carthage, Missouri, Battle of Prairie D'Ane, Arkansas, Battle of Pilot Knob, Missouri, Battle of Westport, Missouri, and Battle of Mine Creek, Kansas. Although he was devoted to the Southern cause, he saw military operations only in terms of liberating Missouri. Most of his later battles were fought against overwhelming odds and ended in defeat.
He commanded the Army of Missouri during Price's Missouri Raid of 1864, during which he led his army of previously Missouri State Guardsmen (now Confederates) from Arkansas and across Missouri. The first major engagement occurred at Pilot Knob, where he unsuccessfully attempted to capture Fort Davidson, causing the needless slaughter of many of his men. From Pilot Knob, he swung west away from St. Louis and towards Kansas City, Missouri. Just southeast of town, he was boxed in by two separate Federal armies and forced to fight. Price gave battle at Westport (now a part of Kansas City), but it did not go in his favor and he was forced to retreat to Kansas. Price was once again forced to fight, and suffered another defeat at Mine Creek. His battered and broken army was forced to retreat to the state of Texas.
Instead of surrendering at the war's end, he led what was left of his army into Mexico, where he unsuccessfully sought service with the Emperor Maximilian.
Price was a leader of a Confederate exile colony in Carlota, Veracruz. When the colony proved to be a failure, he returned to Missouri, impoverished and in poor health. He died of cholera in St. Louis, Missouri and was buried there in Bellefontaine Cemetery.
His daughter-in-law Celeste, wife of his son Celsus, died in childbirth with her newborn child on the same day as Price. She was the daughter of Thomas Lawson Price.
During the Civil War, a wooden river steamer built at Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1856 as the Laurent Millaudon was taken into the Confederate service and renamed the CSS General Sterling Price. She was sunk during the Battle of Memphis, raised, repaired, and served in the Union navy under the name USS General Price although she continued to be referred to as the "General Sterling Price" in Union dispatches.
There is a statue of Price in Keytesville, Missouri, and a Sterling Price Museum. The tiny city park where it stands is named after him, and the town's chapter of the SCV Post #1743 annually hosts the Sterling Price Days (festival and parade).
Another monument to Price stands in the Springfield National Cemetery (Springfield, Missouri). Dedicated August 10, 1901, the bronze figure is in honor of Missouri soldiers and General Price. It was commissioned by the United Confederate Veterans of Missouri..
In the motion pictures True Grit and Rooster Cogburn, the title character (portrayed by American actor John Wayne) has a cat named General Sterling Price.
History from Wikipedia and OldCompany.com (old stock certificate research service).