Beautiful engraved specimen certificate from the Dun & Bradstreet Corporation
. This historic document was printed by American Bank Note Company and has an
ornate border around it with a vignette of two allegorical men. This item has the printed signatures of the Company's Chairman, Charles W. Moritz and Secretary.
Dun & Bradstreet traces its history back to July 20, 1841, with the formation of The Mercantile Agency in New York City by Lewis Tappan, later called R.G. Dun & Company. The company was formed to create a network of correspondents who would provide reliable, objective credit information. In 1933, Dun merged with competitor John M. Bradstreet to form today's Dun & Bradstreet. The Data Universal Numbering System (DUNS) was invented in 1962.
Dun & Bradstreet maintains a database of over 213 million companies globally and over 53 million professional contact names using a variety of sources including public records, trade references, telco providers, newspapers and publications, telephone interviews and others, often without the consent of the business owners or operators it lists. The company derives revenues through subscriptions as well as pay per business report, and to a smaller extent, third-party licensing agreements. Additional revenue is derived from subsidiaries including Hoovers and AllBusiness.com. Additionally Dun & Bradstreet's information on private individuals is also now also used in the so-called "people search" industry where it is sold to (and subsequently publically published) by stalker and people search websites such as CorporationWiki.com and findthecompany.com, again often without the consent or knowledge of those being listed.
In August 2010, D&B spun off and sold their credit monitoring and management business to a newly formed company, Dun & Bradstreet Credibility Corp. The company previously spun off Moody's and Nielsen. D&B spun off Cognizant Technology Solutions as an independent organization in 1996.
Dun & Bradstreet products and services fall into three categories: risk management, sales and marketing, and supply chain management. Risk management products include the Business Information Report, Comprehensive Report and the DNBi platform, often offered to listed participants as a way to improve their rating. These provide current and historical business information primarily used for third party marketing. Sales and marketing products such as the DUNS Market Identifier database, Optimizer, and D&B Professional Contacts provide sales and marketing professionals with business data for both prospecting and CRM activity.
Charles W. Moritz took the helm of D&B just after it had acquired the major market research firm, A. C. Nielsen. Moritz led the successful integration of D&B’s largest acquisition and established a pattern of smooth and profitable mergers. Under his leadership, D&B retained its position as the premier provider of business information services, improved its on-line capabilities, and produced excellent financial returns for nine consecutive years.
History from Wikipeida and and
stock certificate research service)
Specimen Certificates are actual certificates that have never been issued. They were usually kept by the printers in their permanent archives as their only example of a particular certificate. Sometimes you will see a hand stamp on the certificate that says "Do not remove from file".
Specimens were also used to show prospective clients different types of certificate designs that were available. Specimen certificates are usually much scarcer than issued certificates. In fact, many times they are the only way to get a certificate for a particular company because the issued certificates were redeemed and destroyed. In a few instances, Specimen certificates we made for a company but were never used because a different design was chosen by the company.
These certificates are normally stamped "Specimen" or they have small holes spelling the word specimen. Most of the time they don't have a serial number, or they have a serial number of 00000. This is an exciting sector of the hobby that grown in popularity over the past several years.