Beautifully engraved unissued Certificate of Attendance from the Universal Exposition - Louisiana Purchase Exposition of St. Louis dated 1904. This historic document has an
ornate border around it with a vignette of the Festival Hall and Central Cascades with hand drawn angels on both sides looking at the fair. This item has the printed signatures of the fair's president, David Rowland Francis and its secretary, Walter B. Stevens. This unique item is over 112 years old.
David Rowland Francis
In 1899, Francis led a group in St. Louis that represented all of the Louisiana Purchase states. The group decided to celebrate the one hundredth anniversary of the Louisiana Purchase in St. Louis. In April 1901, Francis was elected president of the Louisiana Purchase Exposition Company and went on to help plan the St. Louis 1904 World's Fair. His many talents provided vision, enthusiasm and energy to this great endeavor.
David R. Francis was also the head of the firm of Francis Brothers & Company; vice-president of the Merchants-Laclede National Bank; director of the Mississippi Valley Trust Company, and connected officially with or interested in many other great financial and business concerns. Thoroughly identified with the growth of St. Louis from boyhood, he was recognized as a leader in the city's social, business, and political life. Born in Richmond, Kentucky, Oct. 1, 1850; came to St. Louis when only 16; graduated from Washington University in 1870; entered commercial life as a clerk; began business for himself in 1877. He was vice-president Merchants' Exchange in 1883, and president in 1884. His popularity forced him into politics, and he was elected Mayor of St. Louis in 1885 elected Governor of Missouri in 1888; and served as Secretary of the Interior during a portion of President Cleveland's second term. Gov. Francis married Miss Jennie Perry in 1876. They had six children, all boys. The family residence on Maryland Avenue was one of the handsomest homes in the city. After the fair D.R. Francis was appointed to be the American Ambassador to Russia frm 1916 to 1918, at the age of 65. He died on January 15, 1927 and was inturned at Bellefontaine Cemetary, St. Louis, Missouri.
Francis died on January 15, 1927. He left behind his wife and six sons. Francis is buried in Bellefontaine Cemetery in St. Louis, Missouri.
David Rowland Francis was born on October 1, 1850, in Richmond, Kentucky. At the age of sixteen, Francis came to St. Louis to attend Washington University. He took the four-year classical curriculum and graduated in 1880 with a Bachelor of Arts degree. He moved back to Kentucky and started the D.R. Francis & Brother Commission Company.
Later, he and the company moved to St. Louis.
Francis was elected the mayor of St. Louis in 1885. He won by 1,527 votes. He served the City of St. Louis as mayor until 1888 when he was elected Governor of Missouri.
During his term as Governor of Missouri, Francis led a group to Washington D.C. They wanted to get the Columbian Exposition to be held in St. Louis, but St. Louis had poor facilities at this time so the Exposition was held in Chicago.
Festival Hall and Central Cascades (Certifcate's Picture)
No description can convey to the mind an adequate idea of the beauty of this wonderful architectural masterpiece designed by Cass Gilbert of New York, Notwithstanding the great size of the building the festive effect is shown in every part. The building was 200 feet in diameter and 200 feet high. The auditorium contained seats for 3,500 and a stage large enough for the great choruses of hundreds of voices which appeared from time to time in the musical programs of the Exposition. The largest pipe organ in the world was a part of the equipment. Mr. Gilbert is the designer of the exterior of the building alone. The beautiful setting of cascades and sculpture, the massive colonnades, fifty feet high, and the interior architecture of the building were all done by the chief of design of the Exposition, Mr. E. L. Masqueray, of New York. The great beauty as well as the massive character of this centerpiece of the World's Fair will be long remembered by visitors. To those of us who could not have seen it, this picture must convey a lasting impression.
The World's Fair of 1904 celebrated the Centennial of the Louisiana Purchase, an event in American history having an importance secondary only to the Declaration of Independence. The Territory acquired from France by this purchase embraced all the land lying between the Mississippi River and the crest of the Rocky Mountains, and its ownership by the United States made possible the extension of the nation's boundries to the Pacific Ocean. No centennial was ever so grandly celebrated, for this Exposition was without a peer in history, and a visit within its gates was an event to be always remembered with pleasure and satisfaction by young and old alike.
Historical Information about
The Louisiana Purchase Exposition
Updated excerpts taken from "The Story of a Great City in a Nutshell" by H.B. Wandell,
fifth edition, revised and enlarged July 1901, copyrighted 1901.
Chronology of the Exposition
With a Worlds Fair assured on a scale of magnificence never before attempted, in which the Nation, the City of St. Louis as a corporation, and the people of St. Louise were equal factors, this is the story of how and why the great project took place. In 1901 it was accepted fact that the nations of the earth would assemble in St. Louis in 1903 to join in the celebration of the centennial of the purchase by the United States of the vast area known as the Louisiana Territory.
Fifteen million dollars had been subscribed for stock in the Louisiana Purchase Exposition Company -- five million by the United States Government, five million by the City of St. Louis, and five million by popular subscription. The State of Missouri had appropriated one million dollars to be expended in making a fitting exhibit of the State's resources. Other States had made similar provision for a like purpose. The Government had appointed a board of commissioners to act in an advisory capacity and guard the Government's interest. The Louisiana Purchase Exposition Company had perfected organization and went to work under such splendid progress, directed by men of such energy, that there was every reason to feel assured that the gates of the great exposition will be thrown open on time. (note: this was not the case, the fairgrounds were not ready in 1903 and the opening of the fair was postponed until April 30, 1904).
In the spring of 1897 the Missouri Historical Society and the press began the agitation of a plan to celebrate the one hundredth anniversary of the acquisition of the "Louisiana Purchase" by the United states, and the citizens of the States within the Territory were invited to make suggestions bearing the celebration.
In September 1898, the Missouri Historical Society appointed a committee of fifty to decide upon the manner of holding the celebration, and the committee, in turn appointed a committee of ten to consider the various methods purposed and to suggest the best and most practicable.
November 26, 1898 -- The committee of ten reported to the committee of fifty, advocating a celebration by all the States in the Purchase, and the committee of fifty approved the recommendation. It was forwarded to Gov. Lon V. Stephens, with a recommendation that a convention of representatives of the Louisiana Purchase States be called for St. Louis, to decide upon the place of holding such celebration.
December 13, 1898 -- Gov. Stephens issued a call for a convention in St. Louis for January 10, 1899.
January 10, 1899 -- Representatives of all the Louisiana Purchase States met in St. Louis at the Southern Hotel, and decided that a World's Fair would best commemorate the event, and that it should be held in St. Louis in 1903.
January 11, 1899 -- An executive committee was appointed, with former Gov. David R. Fancis as chairman, and a committee of fifty was named to carry out the World's Fair idea.
February 11, 1899 -- The general committee was raised to two hundred and organized, with Pierre Chouteau as chairman and Jas. Cox as secretary. Finance and legislative committees were appointed, with Wm. H. Thompson and Frederick W. Lehmann as chairmen, respectively.
February 25, 1899 -- The Senators and Representatives of the States of the Louisiana Purchase were given a banquet at Washington by members of the general committee.
April 23, 1899 -- A citizens' mass-meeting was held at Music Hall, and $4,244,670 was subscribed toward the $5,000,000 fund which St. Louis was pledged to raise.
April 27, 1900 -- Hearing at Washington, D.C., of the World's Fair plan by the special committee of Congress, members of the executive committee, and representatives from most of the Purchase States appearing in its behalf.
June 4, 1900 -- Passage by Congress of the Sundry Civil Appropriation Bill carrying and amendment pledging the National Government's support of the World's Fair project, together with an appropriation of $5,000,000, conditioned on raising of $5,000,000 by popular subscription, and the appropriation of $5,000,000 by the City of St. Louis.
January 12, 1901 -- Popular subscription of $5,000,000 by the citizens of St. Louis completed and certificate to that effect prepared for submission to authorities at Washington.
January 25, 1901 -- Certificate of the fulfillment of St. Louis' obligation presented to special committee of Congress, and Tawney bill read.
Mary 4, 1901 -- Appropriation finally made by Unites States Senate after some opposition, and the national government became a stockholder in the World's Fair enterprise, without a vote, to the extent of $5,000,000.
March 30, 1901 -- Appointment by President McKinley of the national World's Fair Commission, with instructions to the same to meet within thirty days after the passage of the World's Fair bill.
April 23, 1901 -- The national commission met at the Southern Hotel, in St. Louis. The World's Fair company was incorporated, under the name "Louisiana Purchase Exposition Company," with a capital stock of $6,000,000. A banquet was given by the Business Men's League of St. Louis at the Planters' Hotel to the national commission and members of Congress who were foremost in effecting the passage of the bill.
April 24, 1901 -- The national commission met at the Southern Hotel and organized, with ex-Senator Thomas H. Carter as president, ex-Congressman Martin H. Glynn as vice-president, and Mr. Jos. Flory of St. Louis, secretary.
May 3, 1901 -- Meeting of the directors and election of the following officers of the Louisiana Purchase Exposition:
President, David R. Francis; treasurer, Wm. H. Thompson; secretary. Walter B. Stevens , ; vice-president, Corwin H. Spencer, Samuel M. Kennard, Daniel M. Houser, Cyrus P. Walbridge, Seth W. Cobb, Chas. H. Hutting, August Gehner and Pierre Chouteau. The president, treasurer and eight vice-presidents were appointed as a committee on organization to report at the next meeting recommendations on number and formation of standing committees; draft of by-laws of incorporation; suitable offices for temporary headquarters of incorporation; director genera; general counsel for corporation.
May 9, 1901 -- The Committee on organization reported. By-laws were adopted and Mr. Jas. L. Blair, recommended by the committee as counsel general, was elected unanimously.
May 10, 1901 -- Municipal Assembly passed ordinance authorizing the use of city parks for the World's Fair if desired by the organization.
May 28, 1901 -- Nine Standing Committees of the company appointed, as follows: Executive; Press and Publicity; Ways and Means; Transportation; Finance; Grounds and Buildings; Concessions; Insurance; Foreign Relations.
May 29, 30, 31, June 1, 1901 -- Seven proposed sites inspected by Executive Committee.
June 4, 5, 6, 1901 -- Executive committee listened to arguments of advocates of the seven proposed sites.
June 8 to 23, 1901-- Daily meetings of Executive Committee to consider proposed sites, the problem of transportation facilities for materials for building and for exhibits proving a difficult one. Meetings also of Press and Publicity Committee, at which methods of advertising the Fair, and applications for positions were considered.
June 24, 1901 -- Executive committee decided on the Forest Park, but did not announce decision.
June 25, 1901 -- Meeting of Board of Directors at which selection of Forest Park site was announced and unanimously approved.
June 26, 1901 -- Meeting of National Commissioners. Forest Park visited.
June 27, 28, 1901 -- National Commissioners approved the site selection, and formulated a declaration of the legal responsibilities, duties and rights of the Commission.
June 30, 1901 -- Officers, Members of the Executive Committee and prominent citizens went to Pan-American Exposition, Buffalo.
July 2, 1901 -- Dedication of Louisiana Purchase Building at Pan-American Exposition, Buffalo.
The Official Catalogue of Exhibitors: Universal Exposition, St. Louis, U. S. A., 1904 (published by the Louisiana Purchase Exposition Company, 1904) was compiled by the Committee on Press and Publicity of the Louisiana Purchase Exposition Company.
Following is a list of exhibitors from the United States in the Division of Exhibits, Department D- Manufactures. The wares of these exhibitors were displayed by group in the Palace of Varied Industries. A list of groups in Department D precedes the list of exhibitors.
A copy of this book is available in the Special Collections Department (Central Library). (Call Number RB-F 606 ST.) Due to the poor condition of this item, no photocopying can be allowed.
List entries provide group and exhibitor number (the book has no overall pagination).
Department D- Manufactures:
Group 28: STATIONERY
Group 29: CUTLERY
Group 30: SILVERSMITH & GOLDSMITH WARES
Group 31: JEWELRY
Group 32: CLOCK AND WATCH MAKING
Group 33: PRODUCTIONS IN MARBLE, BRONZE, CAST IRON AND WROUGHT IRON
Group 34: BRUSHES, FINE LEATHER ARTICLES, FANCY ARTICLES, AND BASKET WORK
Group 35: ARTICLES FOR TRAVELING AND FOR CAMPING; INDIA RUBBER & GUTTA
Group 36: TOYS
Group 37: DECORATION AND FIXED FURNITURE OF BUILDINGS AND DWELLINGS
Group 38: OFFICE AND HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE
Group 39: STAINED GLASS
Group 40: MORTUARY MONUMENTS AND UNDERTAKERS' FURNISHINGS
Group 41: HARDWARE
Group 42: PAPER HANGING
Group 43: CARPETS, TAPESTRIES, AND FABRICS FOR UPHOLSTERERS
Group 44: UPHOLSTERERS' DECORATIONS
Group 45: CERAMICS
Group 46: PLUMBING AND SANITARY MATERIALS
Group 47: GLASS AND CRYSTAL
Group 48: APPARATUS AND PROCESSES FOR HEATING AND VENTILATION
Group 49: APPARATUS AND METHODS, NOT ELECTRICAL, FOR LIGHTING
Group 50: TEXTILES
Group 51: EQUIPMENT AND PROCESSES USED IN THE MANUFACTURE OF TEXTILES FABRICS
Group 52: EQUIPMENT AND PROCESSES USED IN BLEACHING, DYEING, PRINTING AND FINISHING TEXTILES IN THEIR VARIOUS STAGES
Group 53: EQUIPMENT AND PROCESSES USED INSEWING AND MAKING WEARING APPAREL
Group 54: THREADS AND FABRICS OF COTTON
Group 55: THREADS AND FABRICS OF VEGETABLE FIBRES OTHER THAN COTTON
Group 56: YARNS AND FABRICS OF ANIMAL FIBRES
Group 57: SILK AND FABRICS OF SILK
Group 58: LACES, EMBROIDERY, AND TRIMMINGS
Group 59: INDUSTRIES PRODUCING WEARING WEARING APPAREL FOR MEN, WOMEN, AND CHILDREN
Group 60: LEATHER, BOOTS AND SHOES, FURS AND SKINS, FUR CLOTHING
Group 61: VARIOUS INDUSTRIES CONNECTED WITH CLOTHING
1900 Washer Co. ----------------- (Dept. D- Group 52- No.1238)
Abendroth Brothers -------------- (Dept. D- Group 48- No.0000)
Aberfoyle Mfg. Co. -------------- (Dept. D- Group 54- No.0490)
Albaugh Bros. ------------------- (Dept. D- Group 34- No.1199)
Allen, D. H. & Co. -------------- (Dept. D- Group 38- No.0044)
Allith Mfg. Co. ----------------- (Dept. D- Group 41- No.1656)
Aluminum Cooking Utensil Co. ---- (Dept. D- Group 41- No.0591)
Aluminum Cooking Utensil Co. ---- (Dept. D- Group 48- No.0591)
American Art Marble Co. --------- (Dept. D- Group 33- No.1313)
American Art Marble Co. --------- (Dept. D- Group 37- No.1313)
American Bed Co. ---------------- (Dept. D- Group 38- No.0365)
American Brick & Tile Co. ------- (Dept. D- Group 45- No.0000)
American Can Co. ---------------- (Dept. D- Group 41- No.0779)
American Caustic Tiling Co. ----- (Dept. D- Group 37- No.1528)
American Costume Exhibits ------- (Dept. D- Group 41- No.1662)
American Hosiery Co. ------------ (Dept. D- Group 61- No.0387)
American Iron & Steel Mfg. Co. -- (Dept. D- Group 41- No.0800)
American Metal Edge Box Co. ----- (Dept. D- Group 28- No.0363)
American Novelty & Mfg. Co. ----- (Dept. D- Group 32- No.0000)
American Oak Leather Co. -------- (Dept. D- Group 60- No.0043)
American Pulley Co. ------------- (Dept. D- Group 41- No.0000)
American Radiator Co. ----------- (Dept. D- Group 48- No.0156)
American Silk Label Mfg. Co. ---- (Dept. D- Group 57- No.0792)
American Soda Fountain Co. ------ (Dept. D- Group 37- No.0786)
American Soda Fountain Co. ------ (Dept. D- Group 38- No.0365)
American Specialty Mfg. Co. ----- (Dept. D- Group 38- No.1649)
American Stove Co. -------------- (Dept. D- Group 48- No.0388)
American Swiss File & Tool Co. -- (Dept. D- Group 41- No.1478)
American Terra Cotta Co. -------- (Dept. D- Group 45- No.0136)
American Velvet Co. ------------- (Dept. D- Group 57- No.1558)
American Woolen Co. ------------- (Dept. D- Group 56- No.0039)
Ames, Oliver, & Sons ------------ (Dept. D- Group 41- No.0845)
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