Beautifully engraved certificate from the United States Leather Company
printed in 1931. This historic document was printed by the American Banknote Company and has an
ornate border around it with a vignette of a bull and an allegorical man and woman. This item has been hand signed by the Equitable Trust Company of New York's Assistant Secretaries and the Bankers Trust Company's Assistant Secretary and is over 87 years old.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average was founded on May 26, 1896, and represented the average of 12 stocks from leading American industries. Previously in 1884, Mr. Dow had composed an initial stock average called the Dow Jones Averages; which contained nine railroads and two industrial companies that appeared in the Customer's Afternoon Letter, a daily two-page financial news bulletin, which was the precursor to The Wall Street Journal. Of the original 12 stocks forming the Dow Jones Industrial Average compiled later in 1896; no longer railroad stocks, but purely industrial stocks, only General Electric is currently part of that index. The other 11 were:
- American Cotton Oil Company, a distant ancestor of Bestfoods, now part of Unilever.
- American Sugar Company, now Domino Foods, Inc.
- American Tobacco Company, broken up in a 1911 antitrust action.
- Chicago Gas Company, bought by Peoples Gas Light in 1897, now an operating subsidiary of Integrys Energy Group.
- Distilling & Cattle Feeding Company, now Millennium Chemicals, a division of LyondellBasell, now in Chapter 11 bankruptcy.
- Laclede Gas Company, still in operation as the Laclede Group, Inc., removed from the Dow Jones Industrial Average in 1899.
- National Lead Company, now NL Industries, removed from the Dow Jones Industrial Average in 1916.
- North American Company, an electric utility holding company, broken up by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) in 1946.
- Tennessee Coal, Iron and Railroad Company in Birmingham, Alabama, bought by U.S. Steel in 1907.
- U.S. Leather Company, dissolved in 1952.
- United States Rubber Company, changed its name to Uniroyal in 1961, merged with private B.F. Goodrich in 1986, bought by Michelin in 1990.
When it was first published, the index stood at 40.94, but ended up hitting its all-time low of 28.48 during the summer of 1896. Many of the biggest percentage price moves in the Dow occurred early in its history, as the nascent industrial economy matured.
History from Wikipedia and OldCompany.com (old stock certificate research service).