Beautiful certificate from the United Artists Theatere Circuit
issued in 1930. This historic document was printed by the American Banknote Company and has an ornate border around it with a vignette of a partially clothed allegorical woman. This item has the signatures of the Company's President, Harry D. Buckley, and Secretary, Bertram S. Nayfack and is over 76 years old.
History from Old Company Research (Oldcompany.com):
UNITED ARTISTS THEATRE CIRCUIT, INC.: Incorporated under laws of Maryland, May 22, 1926, to acquire motion picture theatres. Has ten-year preferential contract with United Artists Corp.(founded by Mary Pickford and Douglas Fairbanks) to exhibit pictures produced by latter corporation. Operates a chain of 16 theatres located in Baltimore (4), Chicago (1), Columbus, 0. (2), Detroit (1), Hollywood (1), Los Angeles (1), New York (2), Pittsburgh (2), Portland, Ore. (1) and Louisville (1). United Artists Theatres of California, Ltd. is a subsidiary owning theatres in various sections of California.
MANAGEMENT: OFFICERS: J. M. Schenck, Chairman and Pres.; Lee Shubert, D. F. O'Brien, Vice-Pres.; H. D. Buckley, Vice-Pres. and Gen. Mgr.; B. S. Nayfack, Sec. and Treas.; A. M. Georger, Compt. DIRECTORS: J. M. Schenck, Los Angeles; H. D. Buckley, D. F. O'Brien, W. P. Philips, Lee Shubert, New York; B. S. Nayfack, Brooklyn, N. Y.; A. H. Frisch, Nathan Burkan, J. H. Moskowitz. GENERAL AUDITORS: Haskins & Sells. ANNUAL MEETING: Fourth Monday in Nov. at Baltimore. STATUTORY OFFICH: Baltimore, Md, EXECUTIVE OFFICE: 729 Seventh Ave., New York,
In 1919, an era when most women didn't even work, Mary Pickford cofounded United Artists with Douglas Fairbanks, his friend Charlie Chaplain, and her old boss D.W. Griffith. United Artists Theatre Circuit was never part of United Artists Corporation. It was planned as such by Joseph Schenck, CEO of United Artists at the time it was founded, but UA's owners (including Mary Pickford and Charles Chaplin) were against becoming involved in exhibition. They gave Schenck permission to use the name United Artists, but it was an entirely separate company, with Schenck as its largest stockholder. United Artists Corporation was not a party to the Federal Anti-Trust Decree, which applied only to the "Big Five" that did own both theatres and studios--Loew's, Inc., Paramount, 20th Century-Fox, Warner Brothers, and RKO.
United Artists Theatre Circuit, Inc is owned by the Regal Entertainment Group who is the largest motion picture exhibitor in the world. The Company's theatre circuit, comprising Regal Cinemas, United Artists Theatres and Edwards Theatres, operates 6,463 screens in 555 locations in 40 states and the District of Columbia. Regal operates approximately 18% of all indoor screens in the United States including theatres in 43 of the top 50 U.S. markets and growing suburban areas.
List of Original Defendants in the Paramount Case
Subsidiaries and Key Executives Indicted Along with Studios - July 20, 1938
When the Justice Department filed the antitrust suit against the U.S. film industry, eight studio defendants were indicted. The "Big Eight" are listed below (ranked according to size):
The Big Five (theatre owners)
The Little Three (non-theatre owners)
Unsatisfied with the unsuccessful attempts to curb the power of the studios, the Justice Department included in the suit all of the major executives and owners associated with the majors. The list includes a number of giants in film and American industry including: Adolph Zukor (once the undisputed czar of Hollywood), David Sarnoff (broadcast pioneer of RCA), Louis B. Mayer (co-founder of MGM), and John D. Hertz (today a household name due to his car rental company).
Film aficionados will recognize some other names of more obscure interest, including George Winkler (a key figure in the distribution of Walt Disney's early cartoons) and Charles B. Mintz (famous as the man who "stole" Walt Disney's creation Ozwald the Rabbit, thus prompting the events that caused Disney to invent Mickey Mouse).
The list is significant in that it includes many names that were later associated with SIMPP, including Charles Chaplin, Mary Pickford, Samuel Goldwyn, Loyd Wright, Leo Spitz, William Goetz, Jules Levy, Gradwell L. Sears, and Charles R. Rogers. Some of these individuals were associated with United Artists, and later petitioned to have their names removed so that they could join the side of the government. Others would later defect from the major studios to join SIMPP. It was a frustrating experience for Chaplin, Pickford, and Fairbanks, as their names were the most recognizable on the list, and received the most publicity in the national news in July 1938.
The Defendants Other Than the Major Corporations in United States v. Paramount, et al.
Paramount News, Inc., Paramount Pictures Distributing Company, Inc.; Barney Balaban, Adolph Zukor, Henry Herzbrun, John W. Hicks Jr., Austin C. Keough, Walter .B Cokell, Stanton Griffis, Stephen Callaghan, Duncan G. Harris, John D. Hertz, Harvey O. King, Charles A. McCulloch Harvey D Gibson, A. Conger Goodyear, Earl I. McIntosh, Maurice Newton, Norman Collyer, Harold A. Fortington, and Ernest V. Richards Jr. - all of the Paramount group.
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Corporation, Metro Goldwyn-Mayer Distributing Corporation of Texas; Nicholas M. Schenck, Arthur M. Loew, J. Robert Rubin, Edward A. Schiller, Edgar J. Mannix, Al Lichtman, Sam Katz, David Bernstein, Leopold Friedman, Louis B. Mayer, William F. Rodgers, Isidore Frey, Charles C. Moskowitz, John R. Hazel, William A. Phillips, David Warfield, George N. Armsby, William A. Parker, and Harry Rapf - all of the Loew group.
RKO Radio Pictures, Inc., Keith Adbee-Orpheum Corporation, Pathe News, Inc.; the Van Beuren Corporation; RKO Proctor Corporation, RKO Midwest Corporation, Leo Spitz, Ned E. Depinet, William Mallard, William H. Clark, Jules Levy, George N. Armsby, Cornelius N. Bliss, Maurice Goodman, James G. Harbord, Edward W. Harden, DeWitt Millhauser, David Sarnoff, Frederick Straus, Lunsford P. Yandel, Courtland Smith, Merlin H. Aylesworth, Malcolm Kingsberg, and Leon Goldberg - all RKO defendants.
Vitagraph .Inc., the Vitaphone Corporation, Warner Brothers Circuit Management Corporation, Harry M. Warner, Albert Warner, Jack L. Warner, Sam E. Morris, Herman Starr, Stanleigh P. Freidman, Robert W. Perkins, Joseph Bernhard, Gradwell L. Sears, Samuel Carlisle, Waddill Catchings, Charles S. Guggenheimer, Morris Wolf, S. Charles Einfield, and W. Stewart McDonald, all of the Warner group.
Movietonews, Inc., Twentieth Century-Fox Corporation of Texas, Twentieth Century-Fox Distributing Corporation, the Chase National Bank of the City of New York, Joseph M. Schenck, Sidney R. Kent, William C. Michel, Darryl F. Zanuck, Felix A. Jenkins, Sidney Towell, William Goetz, H. Donald Campbell, John R. Dijon, William P. Phillips, Herman G. Place, Seton Porter, Daniel O. Hastings, Truman H. Talley, Spyros P. Skouras, A. S. Gambee, H. C. Cox, John P. Edmondson, and Herman Webber - all of Twentieth Century-Fox.
Columbia Pictures Corporation of California, Ltd., Screen Gems, Inc., Columbia Pictures of Louisiana, Inc., Columbia Pictures Distributing Company, Inc.; Harry Cohn, Jack Cohn, A. Schneider, Charles Schwartz, Abe Montague, Saul Bornstein, Jack Kerner, Leo M. Blancke, Mendel B. Silberg, William S. Holman, Charles B. Mintz, George Winkler, and Theodore J. Elias - all of Columbia.
Universal Pictures Company, Inc.; Universal Film Exchange, Inc.; Big U Film Exchange, Inc.; J. Cheever Cowdin, Charles R. Rogers, Samuel Machnovitch, James P. Normanly, Nathan J. Blumberg, Peyton Gibson, Paul G. Brown, William Frieday, Daniel C. Collins, Ottavio Prochet, Adolph Ramish, Budd Rogers, Daniel Sheaffer, William H. Taylor Jr, Matthew Fox, William A. Scully, and Joseph H. Seidelman - all of Universal.
The United Artists defendants are Attlio H. Giannini, George J. Schaefer, Harry D. Buckley
, Arthur W. Kelly, Loyd Wright, Harry J. Muller, Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks, Charles Chaplin, Dennis F. O’Brien, Edward Raferty and Samuel Goldwyn.